Segesta, Selinunte and Mozia …
Parco Archeologico di Segesta
Segesta was built by the Elymians around the Monte Barbaro and, together with Erice and Entella, soon became one of the ethnic group’s wealthiest trade centres. This antique town, which is well known for both its beauty and Doric temple situated just below it and dating back to the 5th century BCE, now also comprises an extensive archeological site with findings from antiquity and the Middle Ages which also include an impressive greek theater. The temple district – also called Mango -, which has recently been dug up just beyond the city walls, was also surrounded by thick walls and probably housed various sacred buildings, which may have been connected to the cult surrounding the “Venus of Erice” (Astarte). No less important for historians are the archeological sites on the Monte Jato and near Contessa Entellina (both in the province of Palermo), which were only recently opened up to the public and which prove to what extent the Elymians fostered relationships with both the Greek and the Punic cultures.
Parco Archeologico di Selinunte
Selinunte is one of the Mediterranean’s biggest and most impressive archeological sites. It was founded in 700 BCE by Doric Greeks and destroyed then rebuilt by Carthage in approx. 400 BCE, before falling into oblivion in 250 BCE after being destroyed by the Romans. The archeological site is divided into several areas: the acropolis on the summit of the hill by the sea and the two antique ports. The town comprises several antique temples as well as main roads and side streets so typical of Greek cities. Among the temples are the restored Temple E, which was probably dedicated to the goddess Hera, and the unfinished Tempel G, begun in 520 BCE and one of the biggest Greek temples, with an area of 50m by 110m. A gable weighing 70 tons was found in the ruins if the latter and may have been built in honour of Apollo, the town’s patron god.